Africa has for a very long time been considered the cradle of humankind. The continent is richly blessed with amazing nature, teeming wildlife, cultural diversity and nice climate! It is strategically located in a position many describe as “the middle of the earth”. This is because no matter where you live on the globe, it is very easy to hop into Africa.
The list of Africa’s points of interest is endless. From the Drakensberg mountains on the continent’s southern tip to the Atlas Mountains in Morocco. From the wild and roaring waters of Victoria falls to the majestic heights of the continent’s tallest mountain, Kilimanjaro.
Here we bring you the favorite ten attractions that many adventurers to Africa love to visit most! It’s no easy feat to visit all these places because of the huge expenses and time needed. If you are a dedicated travel adventurer, you can have plenty of time to enjoy Africa’s treasured gems.
See the “Big Five” in the Masai Mara
Have you ever heard of the ‘big five’ animal group? If not, then head straight to Kenya’s most scenic wilderness to find out! Well, you will get a first-hand experience of watching the African lions, Cape Buffalos, the Black Rhinoceros, the Leopards and the African Elephant. They are called the big 5 because they are the most difficult animals to hunt on foot by the big game hunters. You can also have an opportunity to witness the world’s largest annual Wildebeest migration from a hot air balloon.
Get closer to the ‘Roaring Thunders’ from the Victoria Falls
These spectacular falls have been termed as one of the 7 natural wonders of the world. Located on the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe, there is almost nothing quite like getting a thorough soaking from the roaring, powerful Victoria Falls. The spray is so impressive from the look-out points, it feels like you are in the middle of a torrential rainstorm.
Their local name Mosi-oa-Tunya means ‘Smoke that Thunders’ because of the incredible amount of water that generates a huge amount of spray which shoots 1000 feet into the sky and can be seen 30 miles away e just over 1-mile-wide
Enter into the earliest civilization in the Pyramids of Giza
These great architectural feats are part of the 7 wonders of the ancient world. They have stood majestically for over 5000 years and inside them, there are plenty of treasures that indicate the earliest form of human civilization. They lie just outside of Cairo in Egypt. There are three Pyramid structures and these are; the Great Pyramid of Khufu, the Pyramid of Kafhre and the smaller Pyramid of Menkaura. Each of the Pyramids houses a tomb to a different Kings of Egypt.
Trace the ancient Africa through the prehistoric Djenne Community
This ancient city found in Mali is a true representation of the famous Trans-Sahara trade route from which this city blossomed! The city was founded in 800 AD, and it is one of the oldest cities in the Sub-Saharan Africa. It is situated on an island in the Niger River delta, and for many millenniums, it was a hub for traders who shuttled their goods across the Sahara Desert. Djenne was also a center of Islamic learning and its main market square is still dominated by the beautiful Grand Mosque. Timbuktu, another great historic city is just a few hundred miles upstream from Djenne. There’s a market in the center of the town every Monday which is one of the most interesting and lively markets in Africa, and well worth planning your trip around.
At the Southern tip of the continent, feel the beauty of Cape Town
Cape Town boasts of very beautiful beaches as well as the impressive Table Mountains right next to the city. There are plenty of top class restaurants and wines which are, of course, produced in the city. The city has the most culturally diverse population in Africa because of its reputation for social tolerance.
Other top attractions in the town include; The Victoria and Alfred Waterfront for dining and shopping, the Robben Island where Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 18 years, Cape Town’s Beaches, Table Mountain, and the Winelands.
Blend in with the spirit of Marrakech
Just at the foot of the Atlas Mountains in Morocco, there lies this imperial city of Marrakech. It is a huge metropolitan that is noisy, exciting and full of life! There are a lot of things to see around and these may require that you spend at least four days in the city. You can opt to stay in a Riad in the Medina (old walled part of town), which bears the most interesting part of Marrakech. You can also visit the Majorelle Gardens that offers you a lovely and refreshing interval before proceeding on to the other parts of the city.
Feel lost in the Pearl of Africa with Queen Elizabeth National Park
It was recently declared as the most bio-diversified part of Africa where flora and fauna thrive uninterrupted. Queen Elizabeth National Park lies in western Uganda and it is one of the most ecologically diversified wildlife reserves in Africa. You will get a rare chance to watch hippopotamuses and crocodiles swimming in the Kazinga channel, the tree climbing lions, the African gray elephant, etc. You may also decide to scale up the adjacent Rwenzori mountains that straddle between the Uganda – DRC border.
Get face to face with the rare Mountain Gorillas in the Virunga Mountains
There are about 700 mountain gorillas left in the world, so seeing them in their natural habitat is something only a few people will ever have the chance to experience. Their habitat straddles a thick jungle between Uganda, Rwanda and DRC. In Uganda, you can meet the mountain gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest while in both Rwanda and DRC they can be seen in the Parc des Volcanoes Virunga.
Scale up the majestic Mount Kilimanjaro
Mind hiking up the world’s tallest freestanding mountain? Well, then you should head to Africa’s highest peak, Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania. It stands at 5896m and this can take you approximately 6 days to reach the peak. As long as you are physically fit and well determined then you can make it up. The good thing is that there is no special climbing gear or expertise is needed.
Fancy a swim in the crystal clear waters of the Indian ocean? Here is Zanzibar!
Zanzibar is a small island just off the coast of Tanzania that is well known for its captivating history and the incredible beaches. For a long time, it was East Africa’s natural trading center between the Arabs and African chiefs, especially in the slave trade. The island is very famous for its production of spices, and other historical buildings that mostly define the main town. You wouldn’t want to miss a visit to the Stone Town which is also a UNESCO World Heritage site. It has lots of beautiful traditional houses, narrow alleyways, a Sultan’s palace and many ancient mosques.
Africa has a lot to offer beyond the above mentioned top destinations. If you have more time for your vacation, you may decide to visit other fascinating destinations like the Serengeti National Park in Tanzania, The white sands of Diani beach and the nearby historic city of Mombasa in Kenya, Hwange National Park in Zimbabwe, and the beautiful sand dunes of the Kalahari Desert in Namibia.